Asset Index

Currency

USDCAD The exchange rate of the USD and the Canadian Dollar
USDCHF The exchange rate of the USD and the Swiss Franc
USDHKD The exchange rate of the USD and the Hong Kong Dollar
USDJPY The exchange rate of the USD and the Japanese Yen
USDRUB The exchange rate of the USD and the Russian Ruble
USDSGD The exchange rate of the USD and the Singapore Dollar
USDTRY The exchange rate of the USD and the Turkish New Lira
USDZAR The exchange rate of the USD and the South African Rand
EURAUD The exchange rate of the EURO and the Australian Dollar
EURCAD The exchange rate of the EURO and the Canadian Dollar
EURCHF The exchange rate of the EURO and the Swiss Franc
EURGBP The exchange rate of the EURO and the BRITISH POUND
EURHKD The exchange rate of the EURO and the Hong Kong Dollar
EURJPY The exchange rate of the EURO and the Japanese Yen
EURRUB The exchange rate of the EURO and the Russian Ruble
EURTRY The exchange rate of the EURO and the Turkish New Lira
EURUSD The exchange rate of the EURO and the United state Dollar

Commodities

Gold “A soft metal with a characteristic deep lustrous yellow or yellow-brown color. Au chemical symbol, Gold is one of the most highly-sought after precious metals in the world. It is used in jewelry, electronics, and coinage. Gold is widely considered to be an effective hedge against inflation, which means that when the dollar depreciates, demand for gold increases.”
Silver “Silver is a precious metal that is used in a wide array of industrial applications as well as in jewelry and photographic film. Industrial applications (for example computers, cell phones, TV, batteries, pharmaceuticals) made up about 54% of the world’s silver fabrication demand in 2007.

Silver gets it’s chemical symbol Ag from the latin word Argentum. Although it is an excellent electrical and thermal conductor, it’s cost keeps it from wide use for these applications.”

Brent “Brent Crude futures are traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange under ticker symbol BZ. Futures contracts are delivered every month of the year.
Brent Crude (also known as Brent Blend, London Brent, and Brent petroleum) is a crude oil sourced from the North Sea (the region between the British Isles, mainland Europe, and Scandinavia). It is generally classified as a light, sweet crude blend, thereby making it easy to refine”
Gasoil
Natural Gas
Corn Corn is the most widely produced feed grain in the United States, accounting for more than 90 percent of total production. Around 80 million acres of land are planted with corn. The majority of the crop is used as livestock feed; the remainder is processed into a multitude of food and industrial products including starch, sweeteners such as high fructose corn syrup, corn oil, and ethanol for use as a fuel.
Wheat “Wheat is a truly global commodity input, as it is used for bread and pasta in Western countries and noodles in Asian countries. When wheat prices rise, companies are faced with the dilemma of taking a hit to gross margins or passing on cost increases to the consumer, which often decreases demand.

Wheat is a commodity input that goes into many food products, from pasta to bread to baked sweets. Wheat futures on Chicago’s commodities exchange more than doubled in September 2007 compared to the previous year, going from $3.95 a bushel to nearly $9. What’s driving up wheat prices is a matter of simple supply and demand, as bad weather, including a spate of hurricanes, have created shortages of this important grain.

A more fundamental problem compounding the recent effects of bad weather is that farmers are increasingly switching to grow corn because of the skyrocketing demand for the ethanol-producing grain.

The chart at left shows continuous front-month futures contracts for Wheat traded on the Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) in cents per bushel.”

Paladium Palladium is a chemical element with symbol Pd and atomic number 46. It is a rare and lustrous silvery-white metal discovered in 1803 by William Hyde Wollaston. He named it after the asteroid Pallas, which was itself named after the epithet of the Greek goddess Athena, acquired by her when she slew Pallas. Palladium, platinum, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium and osmium form a group of elements referred to as the platinum group metals (PGMs). These have similar chemical properties, but palladium has the lowest melting point and is the least dense of them.
Platinium “Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78. It is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, gray-white transition metal. Its name is derived from the Spanish term platina, which is literally translated into “”little silver””.

Platinum is a member of the platinum group of elements and group 10 of the periodic table of elements. It has six naturally occurring isotopes. It is one of the rarer elements in Earth’s crust with an average abundance of approximately 5 μg/kg. It occurs in some nickel and copper ores along with some native deposits, mostly in South Africa, which accounts for 80% of the world production. Because of its scarcity in Earth’s crust, only a few hundred tonnes are produced annually, and given its important uses, it is highly valuable and is a major precious metal commodity.

Platinum is the least reactive metal. It has remarkable resistance to corrosion, even at high temperatures, and is therefore considered a noble metal. Consequently, platinum is often found chemically uncombined as native platinum. Because it occurs naturally in the alluvial sands of various rivers, it was first used by pre-Columbian South American natives to produce artifacts. It was referenced in European writings as early as 16th century, but it was not until Antonio de Ulloa published a report on a new metal of Colombian origin in 1748 that it became investigated by scientists.”

Sugar Sugar is the generalized name for sweet, short-chain, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food. They are carbohydrates, composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. There are various types of sugar derived from different sources. Simple sugars are called monosaccharides and include glucose (also known as dextrose), fructose and galactose. The table or granulated sugar most customarily used as food is sucrose, a disaccharide. (In the body, sucrose hydrolyses into fructose and glucose.) Other disaccharides include maltose and lactose. Longer chains of sugars are called oligosaccharides. Chemically-different substances may also have a sweet taste, but are not classified as sugars. Some are used as lower-calorie food substitutes for sugar described as artificial sweeteners.
Coffee Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of “berries” from the Coffea plant. Coffee plants are cultivated in over 70 countries, primarily in the equatorial regions of the Americas, Southeast Asia, India and Africa. The two most commonly grown are the highly regarded arabica, and the less sophisticated but stronger and more hardy robusta. The latter is resistant to the coffee leaf rust, Hemileia vastatrix, but has a more bitter taste. Once ripe, coffee beans are picked, processed, and dried. Green (unroasted) coffee beans are one of the most traded agricultural commodities in the world. Once traded, the beans are roasted to varying degrees, depending on the desired flavor, before being ground and brewed to create coffee.
Oil (Crude Oil ) – CL

Stocks

ALIBABA Alibaba Group Holding Limited is a holding company. The Company is principally engaged in online and mobile commerce through products, services and technology. The Company provides retail and wholesale marketplaces available through both personal computer and mobile interfaces in the PRC and internationally. Retail marketplaces and services operated by the Company include the China online shopping destination (Taobao Marketplace); the China brands and retail platform (Tmall); the China group buying site that offers products by aggregating demand from consumers through limited time discounted sales (Juhuasuan), and the global consumer marketplace targeting consumers around the world (AliExpress). Wholesale marketplaces operated by the Company include the online China wholesale marketplace (1688.com) and the online business-to-business marketplace that focuses on global trade among businesses from around the world (Alibaba.com).
AMAZON Amazon.com, Inc. (Amazon.com) is an e-commerce company. The Company sells a range of products and services through its Websites. The Company’s products are offered through consumer-facing Websites, which include merchandise and content that it purchases for resale from vendors and those offered by third-party sellers. It designs its Websites to enable products to be sold by the Company and by third parties across various product categories. It also manufactures and sells electronic devices, including Kindle e-readers, Fire tablets, Fire TVs, Echo and Fire phones. Amazon.com operates in two segments: North America and International. The North America segment focuses on retail sales earned through North America-focused Websites. The International segment focuses on the Company’s operations done through its international Websites. It serves developers and enterprises through Amazon Web Services (AWS). It serves authors and independent publishers with Kindle Direct Publishing.
APPLE Apple Inc. (Apple) designs, manufactures and markets mobile communication and media devices, personal computers, and portable digital music players, and a variety of related software, services, peripherals, networking solutions, and third-party digital content and applications. The Company’s products and services include iPhone, iPad, Mac, iPod, Apple TV, a portfolio of consumer and professional software applications, the iOS and OS X operating systems, iCloud, and a variety of accessory, service and support offerings. The Company also delivers digital content and applications through the iTunes Store, App StoreSM, iBookstoreSM, and Mac App Store. The Company distributes its products worldwide through its retail stores, online stores, and direct sales force, as well as through third-party cellular network carriers, wholesalers, retailers, and value-added resellers. In February 2012, the Company acquired app-search engine Chomp.
BMW Bayerische Motoren Werke AG is a German holding company and automobile manufacturer that focuses on the automobile and motorcycle markets. It divides its activities into the three main segments: Automobiles, Motorcycles and Financial Services. It owns three brands: BMW, MINI and Rolls-Royce. Its BMW automobile range encompasses the 1 Series, including three-door, five-door, coupe and convertible models; the 3 Series, including sedan, touring, coupe and convertible models; the 5 Series, available in sedan and touring models; the 6 Series, available as a coupe or convertible; the 7 Series large sedan; the Z4 roadster and coupe; the sports utility vehicles, X3, X5 and X6 and M models, such as M3, M5 and M6. It also offers cars under the MINI brand and motorcycles under the BMW brand. The Rolls-Royce brand offers three luxury cars, Phantom, Coupe and Ghost. It has producing, assembly, service and sales subsidiaries throughout the world. In January 2013, it sold its Husqvarna brand.
CISCO Cisco System, Inc. (Cisco) designs, manufactures, and sells Internet protocol (IP)-based networking products and services related to the communications and information technology (IT) industry. The Company also provides services associated with these products and their use and also provides products and services for transporting data, voice, and video traffic across intranets, extranets, and the Internet. The Company’s business operates in three segments: the Americas; Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA), and Asia Pacific, Japan, and China (APJC). The Company groups its products and technologies into the following categories: Switching, Next-Generation Network (NGN) Routing, Service Provider Video, Collaboration, Data Center, Wireless, Security, and Other Products. These products, primarily integrated by Cisco IOS Software, link geographically dispersed local-area networks (LANs), metropolitan-area networks (MANs), and wide-area networks (WANs).
CITI Citigroup Inc. (Citi) is a financial services holding company, whose businesses provide consumers, corporations, governments and institutions with financial products and services, including consumer banking and credit, corporate and investment banking, securities brokerage, trade and securities services, and wealth management. The Company operates through two primary business segments: Citicorp and Citi Holdings. Citicorp consists of the operating businesses: Global Consumer Banking, which consists of consumer banking in North America, EMEA, Latin America and Asia, and Institutional Clients Group, which includes Banking and Markets and securities services. Citi Holdings contains businesses and portfolios of assets that Citi has determined are not central to its core Citicorp businesses. Citi’s consumer operations, as well as the consumer finance business in Korea and certain businesses in ICG form part of Citi Holdings.
EBAY eBay Inc.(eBay) is a global technology company. The Company has created an open source platform that provides software developers and merchants access to its applications programming interfaces (APIs), to develop software and solutions for commerce. The Company enables commerce through three segments: Marketplaces, Payments and Enterprise. The Company’s Marketplaces segment includes its ebay.com platform and its localized counterparts and its other online platforms, such as its online classifieds sites and StubHub. The Company’s Payments segment consists of its PayPal business. Its Enterprise segment includes its Magento business and provides commerce technologies, omnichannel operations and marketing solutions for merchants of all sizes that operate in general merchandise categories.
FACEBOOK Facebook, Inc. is a social networking company. The Company is engaged in developing products that enables users to connect and share through mobile devices and personal computers. It offers various services focused on people, marketers and developers. It offers various platforms for people to share their opinions, ideas, photos and videos, and to engage in other activities. Its products include Facebook, Instagram, Messenger and WhatsApp. The Facebook mobile app and Website enables people to connect, share, discover and communicate with each other on mobile devices and personal computers. Its Messenger is a mobile-to-mobile messaging application available on iOS and Android phones. Instagram is a mobile application and Website that enables people to take photos or videos, and share them with friends and followers. WhatsApp Messenger is a cross-platform mobile messaging application and allows people to exchange messages on iOS, Android, BlackBerry, Windows Phone and Nokia devices.
GOOGLE Google Inc. (Google) provides its products and services in more than 100 languages and in more than 50 countries, regions and territories. The Company offers a range of products across screens and devices. The Company delivers both performance advertising and brand advertising. The Performance advertising creates and delivers relevant ads, which leads to direct engagement with advertisers. Brand advertising enhances users’ awareness of and affinity with advertisers’ products and services, through videos, text, images, and other interactive ads that run across various devices. The Company has an ad technology platform for brand advertisers, agencies, and publishers to power its digital marketing businesses across display, mobile, and video.
IBM International Business Machines Corporation is a technology company. The Company operates in five business segments: Global Technology Services (GTS), which includes Strategic Outsourcing, Integrated Technology Services, Cloud and Technology Support Services, and also provides information technology (IT) infrastructure and business process services; Global Business Services (GBS), which offers its services across Consulting and Systems Integration, Global Process Services and Application Management Services; Software, which consists of middleware and operating systems software; Systems and Technology (STG), which provides infrastructure technologies, and Global Financing, which provides financing solutions for products or services that are critical to the end users’ business operations. Its IBM Watson Health Cloud platform collects clinical, research and social data from a range of health sources and creates a cloud-based data sharing hub.
INTEL Intel Corporation is engaged in the design and manufacture of digital technology platforms. The Company sells these platforms to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), original design manufacturers (ODMs), and industrial and communications equipment manufacturers in the computing and communications industries. The Company’s platforms are used to deliver a range of computing experiences in notebooks, 2 in 1 systems, desktops, servers, tablets, smartphones, and the Internet of Things. It also develops and sells software and services focused on security and technology integration. The Company’s operating segments include the PC Client Group (PCCG), the Data Center Group (DCG), the Internet of Things Group (IOTG), the Mobile and Communications Group (MCG), the software and services (SSG) and all other. SSG segment includes McAfee and software and services group. All Other segment includes Non-Volatile Memory Solutions Group, Netbook Group and New Devices Group.
MSFT Microsoft Corporation is engaged in developing, licensing and supporting a range of software products and services. The Company also designs and sells hardware, and delivers online advertising to the customers. The Company operates in five segments: Devices and Consumer (D&C) Licensing, D&C Hardware, D&C Other, Commercial Licensing, and Commercial Other. The Company’s products include operating systems for computing devices, servers, phones, and other intelligent devices; server applications for distributed computing environments; productivity applications; business solution applications; desktop and server management tools; software development tools; video games; and online advertising. It also offers cloud-based solutions that provide customers with software, services and content over the Internet by way of shared computing resources located in centralized data centers. It provides consulting and product and solution support services.
TWITTER Twitter, Inc. (Twitter) is a global platform for public self-expression and conversation in real time. The Company offers products and services for users, advertisers, developers and platform and data partners. Products and services for users enables a way for people to create, distribute and discover content, which enables a user on Twitter to create a tweet and a user to follow other users. Products and services for advertisers consist of promoted products, which enable its advertisers to promote their brands, products and services, and extend the conversation around their advertising message. Products for platform partners and developers provide a set of tools, public application program interface (APIs) and embeddable widgets that developers use to contribute their content to its platform, syndicate and distribute its content across their properties. Products for data partners offer subscription access to its public data feed.
TOSHIBA TOSHIBA CORPORATION is a Japan-based manufacturer. The Power and Social Infrastructure segment is engaged in the provision of nuclear power generation systems, thermal power generation systems, hydroelectric power systems, fuel cells, solar power systems and power distribution systems, as well as power generation business. The Community Solutions segment offers broadcasting systems, road equipment systems, water and sewerage systems and environmental systems, among others. The Healthcare segment provides X-ray diagnostic apparatus, computed tomography (CT) apparatus and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) apparatus, among others. The Electronic Device segment provides small-signal devices, optical semiconductors and power semiconductors. The Lifestyle segment offers televisions (TVs), personal computers (PCs) and tablets. The Others segment information technology (IT) solutions, logistics services and others. It also involves in power transmission and distribution business.
TOYOTA TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION is a Japan-based company mainly engaged in the automobile business and financial business. The Company operates through three business segments. The Automobile segment is engaged in the design, manufacture and sale of car products, including sedans, minivans, 2BOX cars, sport-utility vehicles and trucks, as well as the related parts and accessories. The Finance segment is involved in the provision of financial services related to the sale of the Company’s products, as well as the leasing of vehicles and equipment. The Others segment is involved in the design, manufacture and sale of housings, as well as the information and communication business. As of March 31, 2014, the Company had 542 subsidiaries and 203 associated companies.
JPM JPMorgan Chase & Co. is a financial holding company. The Company is engaged in investment banking, financial services for consumers and small businesses, commercial banking, financial transaction processing and asset management. JPMorgan Chase’s activities are organized into four business segments. The Company’s Consumer & Community Banking segment serves consumers and businesses through personal service at bank branches and through ATMs, online, mobile and telephone banking. The Corporate & Investment Bank, comprising Banking and Markets & Investor Services, offers investment banking, market-making, prime brokerage, and treasury and securities products and services. The Commercial Banking (CB) segment delivers industry knowledge, local expertise and service to the United States and the United States multinational clients. The Asset Management segment comprises investment and wealth management. The Company also operates a Corporate segment.
YAHOO Yahoo! Inc. is a technology company. The Company is engaged in providing Internet search, communication and digital content. The Company manages its business geographically: the Americas; Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA), and Asia Pacific. The Company’s products include Search, Communications, Digital content, Flickr, and Tumblr. Yahoo Search is a search engine serves as a starting point to navigate the Internet and discover information, which is ranked and organized -based on their relevance to the query. Yahoo Mail connects users across mobile phones, tablets and PC. Yahoo.com offers news and information, including Yahoo original content and partner content. Flickr is a Web and mobile photo management and sharing service. Tumblr offers a Web platform and mobile applications (particularly on the iOS and Android platforms) that allow users to create, share and curate content. Yahoo is also a digital publisher and advertising technology provider.
GAZPROM Gazprom PAO operates gas pipeline systems. The Company is engaged in the production and transportation of gas in the Russian Federation. It exports gas to the European countries. The Company and its subsidiaries are engaged in oil production, refining activities and electricity/heat generation. Its principal activities include exploration and production of gas; transportation of gas; sales of gas within the Russian Federation and abroad; gas storage; production of crude oil and gas condensate; processing of oil, gas condensate and other hydrocarbons, and sales of refined products, and electric and heat energy generation and sales. Other financial and operational activities include mainly production of other goods, works and services. Its operating segments include Production of gas, Transportation, Distribution of gas, Gas storage, Production of crude oil and gas condensate, Refining, Electric and heat energy generation and sales, and Other.
Mazda Mazda Motor Corporation is a Japan-based company engaged in the manufacture and distribution of automobiles and automobile parts. The Company is also engaged in the distribution of used automobiles and special purpose vehicles, the transportation of automobiles and parts, the manufacture and distribution of machine tools, as well as automobile delivery inspection and bodywork business, among others. As of March 31, 2014, the Company had 59 subsidiaries and 15 associated companies.
COKE Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated produces, markets and distributes nonalcoholic beverages, primarily products of The Coca-Cola Company, Atlanta, Georgia. The Company is an independent Coca-Cola bottler in the United States. The Company holds Cola Beverage Agreements and Allied Beverage Agreements, under which it produces, distributes and markets, in certain regions of North and South Carolina, South Alabama, South Georgia, Central Tennessee, Western Virginia and West Virginia (the Legacy Territories), sparkling beverages of The Coca-Cola Company. The Company holds Still Beverage Agreements, under which it distributes and markets in certain regions of the Legacy Territories still beverages of The Coca-Cola Company, such as POWERade, vitaminwater and Minute Maid Juices To Go, and produces, distributes and markets Dasani water products. The Company’s owned products include Tum-E Yummies, a vitamin-C enhanced flavored drink, and Fuel in a Bottle power shots.
ATNT AT&T Inc. is a holding company. The Company provides telecommunications services. Its services and products include wireless communications, data/broadband and Internet services, video services, local exchange services, long-distance services, telecommunications equipment, managed networking and wholesale services. Its segments include Wireless, Wireline and International. Its wireless subsidiaries provide both wireless voice and data communication services. The wireline subsidiaries provide landline data and voice communication services, AT&T U-verse broadband, video and voice services (U-verse) and managed networking. Its International segment uses the Iusacell and Unefon regional and national networks to provide wireless data and voice communication services. Its International segment also utilizes the networks of Nextel Mexico to provide similar services. Through its subsidiary, DIRECTV Group Holdings, LLC, it provides pay television in the United States and across the world.

Indices

ASX200 “In April 2000 to become the primary investment benchmark for the Australian stock market.
Contains the top 200 ASX listed companies by way of float-adjusted market capitalisation
Accounts for 72% (April 2015) of the Australian equity market
Used as the basis of multiple index products (e.g. VIX, SPI 200 Futures)
Indirect investment available through ASX listed index funds (e.g. SPDR, iShares)”
CAC40 The CAC 40 (Cotation Assistee en Contionu – Continuous Assisted Quotation) is a benchmark French stock market index. The index represents a capitalisation-weighted measure of the 40 most significant values among the 100 highest market caps on the Paris Bourse (now Euronext Paris). The CAC 40 includes companies such as BNP PARIBAS, RENAULT, L’OREAL and FRANCE TELECOM.
DAX The Deutscher Aktien Index (DAX), formerly known as the Deutscher Aktien-Index (German stock index), is a blue-chip stock market index consisting of the 30 major German companies trading on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. The DAX index includes stocks such as ADIDAS, DEUTSCHE BANK and BAYER.
DJIA Traded on the NYSE (New York Stock Exchange), the Dow Jones Industrial Average compiles the index to gauge the performance of the industrial sector within the American economy. The Dow Jones Industrial Average is also referred to as the Industrial Average, Dow Jones, Dow 30 or Dow.
DUBAI The Dubai Financial Market (DFM) is a stock exchange located in Dubai, the United Arab Emirates. It was founded in March of 2000. As of August 2007, there are over 57 companies listed on DFM. Most of these are UAE-based companies, with a few dual listings for companies based in other MENA region countries. In 2004 and 2005, there were significant increases in the volume of shares traded and the share prices of many companies. However, towards the end of 2005 and through the first few months of 2006, the bubble burst and share values dropped by around 60% on DFM, along with similar decreases in most other Persian Gulf stock markets. The DFM Index includes stocks such as DUBAI ISLAMIC BANK and the EMIRATES TELECOMMUNICATION COMPANY.
EURONEXT100
FTSE The FTSE 100 Index — also called FTSE 100, FTSE or, informally, the “footsie” — is a share index of the 100 most highly capitalised UK companies listed on the London Stock Exchange. Because the FTSE includes large international companies such as HSBC, BP, VODAFONE and UNILEVER, it is considered to be a Global Index and as such is followed by investors worldwide.
HANG
KUW-IND The Kuwait Stock Exchange (KSE) is the national stock market of the State of Kuwait. Although several share-holding companies existed in Kuwait prior to the creation of the KSE (such as NBK in 1952), it was not until October 1962 that a law was passed to organize the country’s stock market. The Kuwait Stock Exchange is also among the first and largest stock exchanges in the Persian Gulf region and is now gaining prominence as one of the most potentially important exchanges in the world.
NK Nikkei 225, commonly known as the Nikkei, the Nikkei Index or the Nikkei Stock Average, is a stock market index for the Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE). It has been calculated daily by the Nihon Keizai Shimbun (Nikkei) newspaper since 1950. It is a price-weighted average (the unit is yen), and the components are reviewed once a year. Currently, the Nikkei is the most widely quoted average of Japanese equities, similar to the Dow Jones Industrial Average. In fact, it was known as the “Nikkei Dow Jones Stock Average” between 1975 and 1985.
NSDQCO The NASDAQ Composite is a stock market index of all the common stocks and similar securities listed on the NASDAQ stock market – meaning that it has over 3,000 components. It is widely regarded as an indicator of the performance of stocks of technology and growth companies. Since both American and non-American companies are listed on the NASDAQ stock market, the index is not exclusively a US index.
SP “Traded on the CME (Chicago Mercantile Exchange), Standard & Poor’s is a value-weighted index of 500 large-cap common stocks actively traded in the United States. The stocks included in the S&P are those of large, publicly-held companies that trade on either of the two largest American stock market companies: the NYSE Euronext and the NASDAQ OMX.
Trading Hours: Mon–Fri, 13:40-20:00
Reuters Code: .SPX
Expiry Rule: (Bid + Ask)/2″
SSE “Traded on the Shanghai Stock Exchange, the SSE Composite Index (also known as Shanghai Composite) is the most commonly used indicator to reflect SSE’s market performance. Constituents for the SSE Composite Index are all listed stocks (A shares and B shares) on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. The SSE180 reflects the largest 180 stocks in the SSE general index, and it includes stocks such as BANK OF CHINA and AIR CHINA.
Trading Hours: Mon–Fri, 7:00–8:00
Reuters Code: .SSE180
Expiry Rule: Reuters Last Rate”
TADAWUL “Saudi Stock Exchange or Tadawul is the only stock exchange in Saudi Arabia. The Capital Market Authority supervises the exchange. The Tadawul All-Share Index (TASI) reached its highest point at 20,634.86 in February 2006. It lists 115 publicly traded companies (as of April 2008).
Reuters Code: .TASI”
TOPIX Tokyo Stock Price Index (TOPIX), along with Nikkei 225, is an important stock market index for the Tokyo Stock Exchange in Japan, tracking all domestic companies of the exchange’s First Section. It is calculated and published by the TSE. As of February 2011, there are 1,669 companies listed on the First Section of the TSE. The market value for the index on the same date is 197,401 billion Yen.
VIX “VIX is a trademarked ticker symbol for the CBOE Volatility Index, a popular measure of the implied volatility of S&P 500 index options. Often referred to as the fear index or the fear gauge, it represents one measure of the market’s expectation of stock market volatility over the next 30 day period.

The idea of a volatility index, and financial instruments based on such an index, was first developed and described by Prof. Menachem Brenner and Prof. Dan Galai in 1986. Professors Brenner and Galai published their research in the academic article “”New Financial Instruments for Hedging Changes in Volatility,”” which appeared in the July/August 1989 issue of Financial Analysts Journal.[1]

In a subsequent paper, Professors Brenner and Galai proposed a formula to compute the volatility index.[2]

Professors Brenner and Galai wrote “”Our volatility index, to be named Sigma Index, would be updated frequently and used as the underlying asset for futures and options… A volatility index would play the same role as the market index play for options and futures on the index.””

In 1992, the CBOE retained Vanderbilt University Professor Robert Whaley to develop a tradable stock market volatility index based on index option prices. At a January 1993 news conference, Prof. Whaley provided his recommendations, and subsequently, the CBOE has computed VIX on a real-time basis. Based on the history of index option prices, Prof. Whaley computed daily VIX levels in a data series commencing January 1986, available on the CBOE website. Prof. Whaley’s research for the CBOE appeared in the Journal of Derivatives.[3]”